Drug and Alcohol

Valium (Diazepam): Side Effects, Drug Interactions, Overdose and More About This Benzo

What is Valium (Diazepam)?

Valium (diazepam) is an effective and popular benzodiazepine....but it can also be highly addictive and dangerous when abused. Learn more.

Written by

brian-mooreBrian Moore

Content Writer

Reviewed by

jeremy-arztJeremy Arzt

Chief Clinical Officer

Drug and Alcohol

June 10, 2024

Valium, known generically as diazepam, is a powerful medication used primarily to treat anxiety, seizures, and muscle spasms.

Diazepam is classified as a benzodiazepine, a type of drug that can be highly addictive and is often misused. Misuse can lead to dependency, withdrawal, and even overdose. As you learn more about Valium in this article, remember that knowledge is a key component of prevention.

If you or someone you care about is struggling with the use of Valium or other substances, we are here to provide support and guide you toward a healthier future.

What Is Valium?

Valium, known by its generic name diazepam, is a benzodiazepine that is prescribed to manage a variety of conditions such as anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures. This medication functions by enhancing the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain to produce a calming effect. Valium is renowned for its effectiveness in reducing acute stress and anxiety, helping with alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and serving as a muscle relaxant.

However, despite its therapeutic benefits, Valium is also known for its high potential for dependency and addiction, especially when used long-term or abused. It is critical for patients to adhere strictly to their doctor's guidance to minimize risks and avoid the complications associated with misuse.

What Are Some Valium Side Effects?

When you're considering taking Valium (Diazepam) for anxiety or other health issues, it's essential to be aware of the potential side effects that may affect you. Here are some key points you should know:

Drowsiness and Fatigue

You might find yourself feeling unusually tired or sleepy. This can impact your daily activities, so it's wise to avoid driving or operating heavy machinery while you're adjusting to the medication.


You may experience dizziness, especially when you stand up quickly from a sitting or lying position. It's a good idea to take things slowly and sit or lie down if you feel lightheaded.

Mood Changes

Valium (Diazepam) can affect your mood. You might feel more relaxed, but it can also cause confusion, depression, or irritability. Keep an eye on your emotional state and talk to your doctor if you notice significant changes.

Physical Dependence

If you use Valium regularly, your body might become dependent on it. This can lead to withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop taking it. Always consult with your doctor before changing your dosage.

It's crucial to discuss all your health conditions and medications with your doctor to ensure Valium is safe for you.

CTA background

We’re Here to Help You Find Your Way

Would you like more information about Valium (Diazepam)? Reach out today.

What Is the Potential for Abuse Of Valium?

Valium, with its calming and sedative effects, holds significant potential for abuse, particularly among individuals seeking relief from anxiety or stress. Here is how the drug’s potential for abuse develops:

Inducing Euphoria

Valium can create a sense of well-being or euphoria when taken in doses higher than prescribed, making it attractive for misuse.

Development of Tolerance

Regular use of Valium can lead to tolerance, requiring increasingly larger doses to achieve the same calming effects, which can spiral into abuse.

Physical Dependence

Over time, the body may become dependent on Valium to function normally, leading to withdrawal symptoms if the drug is abruptly discontinued.

Combination with Other Substances

The abuse potential increases when Valium is combined with other depressants like alcohol or opioids, enhancing sedative effects but also raising the risk of severe side effects, including fatal overdoses.

Psychological Dependence

Some individuals may become reliant on Valium’s effects to manage stress, anxiety, or sleep problems, which can evolve into psychological dependence.

If you recognize these patterns in yourself or someone else, it’s important to reach out for professional help.

Consequences of Valium Abuse & Overdose

Abusing Valium (Diazepam) or experiencing an overdose can lead to serious consequences. Here’s what you should know:

Dependence and Addiction

Over time, you may develop a dependence on Valium. This means your body becomes used to its effects and you might need higher doses to feel the same relief. This can quickly lead to addiction.

Cognitive Impairment

Valium can slow your brain activity, affecting your ability to think, learn, and remember things. If you abuse Valium, you might find it hard to concentrate or make decisions.

Motor Skill Impairment

Your coordination and ability to operate machinery or drive safely can be significantly impaired. This puts you at a higher risk of accidents.

Respiratory Depression

In high doses, Valium can slow your breathing, which is extremely dangerous. Overdose can lead to respiratory failure, which can be fatal without immediate medical help.

Withdrawal Symptoms

If you try to stop using Valium suddenly, you might experience withdrawal symptoms, which can be severe. These include anxiety, tremors, and, in extreme cases, seizures.

To steer clear of these potential risks, it's crucial to stick to your healthcare provider's instructions when using Valium.

CTA background

We’re Here to Help You Find Your Way

Do you have more questions about Valium (Diazepam)? Reach out.

Valium Drug Interactions

When taking Valium (Diazepam), it's important to be aware of how it interacts with other substances. Here are some key points to consider about Valium drug interactions:

Alcohol and Sedatives

Mixing Valium with alcohol or other sedatives can enhance the sedative effects, making you feel more drowsy and less alert. This can be dangerous, especially if you need to drive or operate machinery.


If you take opioids with Valium, you could experience significantly increased drowsiness, breathing problems, and even a risk of coma. Always consult your doctor before combining these medications.


Certain antidepressants may interact with Valium, leading to increased side effects. Your doctor might need to adjust your dosage or monitor you more closely.

Grapefruit Juice

Drinking grapefruit juice while on Valium can increase the levels of diazepam in your blood, potentially leading to more intense effects and side effects.


Taking antacids with Valium can slow down the absorption of the drug, meaning it might take longer to work. If you need an antacid, try to take it at a different time than your Valium dose.

This isn't an exhaustive list, and you should always discuss any new medications or supplements with your healthcare provider to ensure they are safe to use with Valium.

What Are Benzodiazepines?

Benzodiazepines, also known as "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs primarily used to treat conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. They work by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter that inhibits nerve activity in the brain.

Benzodiazepines were first developed in the 1950s and quickly became one of the most prescribed medications in the world. They are often used for short-term treatment due to their fast-acting nature, but can also be prescribed for longer periods of time.

CTA background

We’re Here to Help You Find Your Way

Do you need advice about Valium (Diazepam)? Reach out today.

Common Types of Benzodiazepines

Some common types of benzodiazepines include:

These are just a few of the many available benzodiazepines on the market, and each one may have different uses and dosages.

Are Benzodiazepines Like Valium (Diazepam) Addictive?

Yes, benzodiazepines can be addictive. They are classified as Schedule IV drugs by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), which means they have a low potential for abuse compared to other substances but still have a risk of dependence.

Long-term use of benzodiazepines can lead to physical and psychological dependence, and abruptly stopping use can result in withdrawal symptoms. It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and not use benzodiazepines for longer periods than recommended by a healthcare professional.

CTA background

We’re Here to Help You Find Your Way

Would you like more information about Valium (Diazepam)? Reach out today.

Are Benzodiazepines the Same as Barbiturates?

No, benzodiazepines and barbiturates are not the same. While both are central nervous system depressants, they work differently in the brain.

Benzodiazepines target specific receptors in the brain to enhance GABA activity, while barbiturates act on a broader range of receptors, affecting multiple neurotransmitters. This makes benzodiazepines safer and less likely to cause overdose compared to barbiturates.

Valium Addiction Treatment & Recovery

Here’s a brief overview of treatment options for Valium Addiction:

Recognizing the Need for Help

If you find yourself relying on Valium (Diazepam) more than prescribed, it might be time to consider treatment options. Recognizing that you need help is a big first step towards recovery.


This is the initial stage of treatment where you safely withdraw from Valium under medical supervision. Drug detox ensures that your body clears the drug in a safe environment, minimizing withdrawal symptoms and preventing complications.

Therapy Options

After detox, engaging in therapy can be crucial. You might participate in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to understand the root causes of your addiction and develop strategies to cope without drugs.

Support Groups: Joining groups like Narcotics Anonymous (NA) or other community support groups can provide ongoing encouragement and help you feel less alone in your recovery journey.

Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)

Sometimes, doctors prescribe medications to help manage withdrawal symptoms and prevent relapse. Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) can be tailored to your specific needs to aid your recovery process.

Lifestyle Changes

Recovery also involves making significant lifestyle adjustments. This could mean setting up a routine, adopting healthier habits, or even changing your social activities to avoid triggers.

Recovery is a personal journey and it's important to find a treatment plan that feels right for you.

Valium (Diazepam) Is Highly Addictive. Get Treated for Benzo Addiction Today

Valium (Diazepam) can be a helpful medication for managing anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures, but it’s crucial to use it responsibly due to its potential for side effects and dependence. Understanding how Valium interacts with other drugs and recognizing signs of overdose or abuse are essential to keep you and your loved ones safe.

If you’re having any trouble with the use of Valium, The Edge Treatment Center is here to provide personalized care plans tailored to your unique needs. Reach out today to explore how we can support you on your journey to wellness.

CTA background

We’re Here to Help You Find Your Way

If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, there is hope. Our team can guide you on your journey to recovery. Call us today.


Frequently Asked Questions